Secondary Source Report-PS

  1. Maxwell, Philip, and Mauricio Mora. “Lithium and Chile: Looking Back and Looking Forward.” Mineral Economics, vol. 33, no. 1-2, 15 Apr. 2019, pp. 57–71., 

This source is an article from a journal that analyzes the economical history of lithium mining in Chile. Although Chile has the largest supply of lithium in the world, it hasn’t always been a major exporter of the material. This article gives a great amount of information on the history of how Chile became one of the top producers and exporters of lithium. It also compares the lithium boom in Chile to other countries, like Australia who is currently the number one producer of lithium. The author also goes into how government policy throughout the decades affected the lithium market in Chile. This will all be helpful in my research paper to get a good understanding of the economical aspect of lithium mining in Chile.

  1. Jerez, B., I. Garcés, and R. Torres. “Lithium Extractivism and Water Injustices in the Salar De Atacama, Chile: The Colonial Shadow of Green Electromobility.” Political Geography, vol. 87, 2021. SCOPUS,, doi:10.1016/j.polgeo.2021.102382.

This source is an article from a journal that discusses the water injustices occurring to the indigenous groups of the Atacama Salt Flats, Chile due to lithium mining. The indigenous groups cannot do much to stop the companies from mining because of certain laws pertaining to water rights. Companies like SQM use a brine to extract lithium, which is mostly water, and have claimed that doing so does not harm the freshwater used by the natives, but it does. Mining for lithium has the potential to contaminate not only the groundwater, but also the soil. This article also discusses a possible solution for the problem which could be helpful in my research to possibly build upon.

  1. Morse, Ian. “Chile’s New Constitution Could Rewrite the Story of Lithium Mining.” Quartz, Quartz, 22 Dec. 2020, 

This source is a newspaper article published in Quartz Media that discusses the role of politics in lithium mining. Chile has only been considered a full democracy since 2019, which means the population’s voices have only recently been heard. This article will help me analyze the privileges held by powerful lithium mining companies, like SQM, that were not given to the surrounding communities. Politics have a great influence on lithium mining, and this article explains the possible outcomes that could occur if the government were to change the regulations. It will also help me understand the struggles indigenous groups have to go through to prevent an environmental disaster in their community.