Secondary Bibliography-SL

Annotated Bibliography 

Secondary Sources: 

Cannon, James S. “U.S. Container Ports and Air Pollution: A Perfect Storm.” Energy Futures, 2008,

This source is important to my paper as it outlines how container ports, such as the Port of Elizabeth, New Jersey, can create potential environmental risks as it causes air pollution. It is important to know exactly how these container ports while in the water have managed to create mass amounts of air pollution as well. It is important for this particular site because Elizabeth is known to be one of the largest container ports in the United States and therefore poses one of the largest threats to the States but particularly the people that live right next to it. 

Hun, Diana E., et al. “Cancer Risk Disparities between Hispanic and Non-Hispanic White Populations: The Role of Exposure to Indoor Air Pollution.” National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services,

A study was done to show how in some cities Hispanic women have been found to have more cases of Cancer than white women due to their consistent exposure to indoor Air pollution. It was found that gasoline powered devices allowed for penetration into homes which causes cases of cancer in these Hispanic women. They are more exposed to things such as gasoline exposure as many Hispanic women in Elizabeth live in the Port neighborhood; which mainly consists of large trucks and many container ships. This is important to note as although Elizabeth is one of the most diverse cities in New Jersey, even this city can have a slight separation amongst class and race. 

Lioy, Paul J., and Joan M. Daisey. “Toxic Air Pollution: A Comprehensive Study of Non-Criteria Air Pollutants.” CRC Press, 2018, file:///Users/sonialenahan/Downloads/9781351077347_googlepreview.pdf.

While this source also covers air pollution, it covers pollution from things that are Non-Criteria pollutants, or things such as diesel exhaust, industrial emissions, etc. Elizabeth, New Jersey is brought up in the study as one of the cities that contributes the most to this, but it is also important to note where it does. In this particular study, the place where they tested was not necessarily near a large industrial part of Elizabeth. The authors speak about how this could have affected the study for air pollution as it would be likely worse in an area with large industry. This source is important as it can help me pinpoint how not all of Elizabeth is as bad as the area I will be covering, and this is important because this neighborhood is mainly a minority population.

Keyword Tags: Pollution, Race, Air, Toxics, Business, Shipping