Fuchs, Roland J. Mega City Growth and the Future. Tokyo: United Nations Univ. Press, 2004.
Fuchs’ book describes the health effects of handling dangerous recyclable material in third world countries. He devotes a chapter of the book to “Social and Welfare Impacts of Mega-City Development” which discusses how lower-class citizens are affected in mega-cities and what welfare becomes available to them. This book will hopefully help me describe why the lower-class citizens in Philadelphia are affected by the implementation or loss of buy-back programs, and what welfare opportunities are available for them.
Minter, Susan Miriam. “Linking Environmental Policy with Economic Development: A Case Study in Urban Recycling.” PhD diss., Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1991.
Minter’s dissertation describes in detail the garbage and recycling crises of urban cities and provides a history of Philadelphia’s recycling legislation and programs. She also explains what financial opportunities are for recyclers participating in buy-back programs. This dissertation will help me describe what buy-back programs are, who uses them, and why Philadelphia depended on them for efficient recycling.
Pellow, David N. Garbage Wars the Struggle for Environmental Justice in Chicago. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2004.
Pellow’s book details environmental injustices in Chicago, with specific passages on recycling facilities and the buy-back programs offered to some homeless or lower-class community members. He also details the effects of dangerous working conditions for sorters and collectors working in the city’s recycling program. I will use Chicago’s recycling collectors to compare to Philadelphia’s and try to see where the two are similar or different based on working conditions.
Redd, Adrienne. “Recycling on the Streets of Philadelphia.” World Wastes 37, no. 8 (08, 1994): 40. https://search-proquest-com.proxy.libraries.rutgers.edu/docview/228354464?accountid=13626.
This article describes the budget problems Philadelphia was having when trying to implement recycling programs. It explains proposals for lowering the costs of these programs and the incentives the city had to make programs more efficient, which would also lower the costs of them. This source will allow me to critique Philadelphia’s way of implementing new programs and why they had a hard time with enforcement or success.
Siderer, Jack P., and Mark Bersalona. “A Computer Evaluation of The Philadelphia Curbside Recycling Program.” In Proceedings of… National Waste Processing Conference, no. 13, p. 213. American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 1988.
This evaluation looks at how cost-efficient residential recycling programs in Philadelphia were, as well as how efficient they were. It also analyses the community participation for these programs. I plan to use this source to describe community participation in recycling programs and explain why they were or were not effective.
Yepsen, Rhodes. “Encouraging Sustainable Recycling Behavior through Financial Incentives.” BioCycle 48, no. 12 (December 2007): 34–37. https://search-ebscohost-com.proxy.libraries.rutgers.edu/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=28038932&site=ehost-live.
This article is about Wilmington, Delaware’s recycling programs that were encouraged with financial incentives, like Philadelphia’s buy-back programs. It describes what made Delaware’s program more effective and efficient for residential recycling. I hope to use it to compare Philadelphia’s failed programs with Delaware’s successful one, and see if there are any similarities.
class, business, toxics, pollution, recycling