Primary Source Report-RI

  1. Ironbound Voices, Newspaper, Vol. 10  No: 3 June 1987, Cover Page Image
    Newark Public Library Digital Repository

This image was the cover image of a local newspaper from the Ironbound in June 1987 which helped expressed the voices and events that are affecting this area. Many are the articles and images that can serve as primary sources, but particularly  this image is very important  to my research because it illustrates zoning codes trough the Ironbound in the background, and two dump truck emptying their garbage into the Ironbound site. Clearly the authors and voice of the Ironbound felt that the area was consider a dump site and disregard the impact in the environment and people’s health.

  • Adaptation Clearinghouse, Publication July,7 2016. Online Database and Networking site that assist policymaker, resource managers, academics and others to help communities adapt to climate change.

This article explains the implementation of an Environmental Justice and Cumulative Ordinance that focuses on the health disparities among poorest communities. The ordinance requires industrial and commercial must develop a plan that includes information about cumulative environmental impacts that will help meet the city’s sustainability goals. This ordinance will create an impact in zoning planning, but most important Newark’s of City officials to protect health residents, regardless of race culture or income.

  • Newark Zoning & Land use Regulations, Prepared by Newark Planning Office. City of Newark Incorporated 1836. November 2014

This documented will help understand and analyzed the way the zoning is distributed in the City of Newark more specific in the Ironbound area. Zoning and Land regulations can help me understand how this are divided and the impact that this zoning regulations affect directly to minorities living in the area. As well as future proposed developments that can take in account the environment and the individuals living in the city.  

  • Master Plan 1964 City of Newark NJ , Government records, reports. Date created


This official document can help analyze the way the city of Newark planning redevelopment and public improvements in the 1965. The introduction of new highway construction which will impact eh region economy and population movement need to be taken in consideration in Newark’s future plan. Particular attention was given to changing neighborhood patters and need for communities’ facilities.

Zoning Codes origin goes back to 1916 when the City of New York needed to respond to the Neighbors demanded that the city regulated building design because of the lack of air space and light between the skyscrapers. Therefore, a city zoning was created that buildings can raise to a certain height, and if more height was needed the building must set back. Consequently, many of the City of New York skyscraper landscape possess buildings similar characters of this step back profile of buildings. But most important also set up a separation zones for residential and business districts. Zoning codes were implemented in every state and be specific to every city dictated by needs and landscape qualities.

This source of Zoning, Land uses and Master plans, as well as new ordinances implemented in the Ironbound area are key to understand the impact that this directly affect the way people live and their environment health. For example, the Master Plan 1964 of the City of Newark  was mainly focuses in the new programs of urban renewal , development of industry and commercial improvement in relationship to new  construction of major highway system that will impact directly access to the city for present and future. As stated in page 31 the Ironbound district industrial uses are found in this area and intermingled with residential use. In consequence in my opinion the Master Plan focused more in the industrial areas, and less importance to the residential area and the proximity to this heavy industries classified as “heavy “ were refineries, paint and chemical manufacturers , large baking plants and manufacturers of fabricate metals.

Ironbound voices newspaper expressed the voice of the Ironbound throughout many years and presented the struggle in this area experienced with the industry landscape around their homes and neighborhood. The proximity and negligence of this companies led to environment disasters. Immigrant minorities seek residence in this area most likely for cheaper living condition but were aware or soon discover the magnitude of the environmental issues that will affect them directly.

Zoning and Ordinances have the ability to be regulated to protect and help minimize the impact of this heavy industries in the environment and people no matter race, culture and income.