Primary Source Report-NF

Nicholas Fugaro

Title: Protecting Wildlife for Generations to Come: The Grass Roots movement of Andover, New Jersey to stop a toxic auto junkyard

Primary Source List:

Title: Preliminary and Final Major Site Plan BHT Properties


United States. (2020). Preliminary and Final Major Site Plan BHT Properties. Andover, NJ: Andover Land Use Board.

Description: This source will help identify the exact area of land that will be affected by the auto junkyard. This also is the official document about the proposition for the land through the town and contains many different pictures and descriptions of the plans.

Title: ETHYLENE GLYCOL (Antifreeze and its effects on humans_


United States, CDC, The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. (2003)(n.d.) ETHYLENE GLYCOL

Description: This source will help identify the risk of one of the major chemicals that will be leaking into the ecosystem from the junkyard. The article outlines the dangers of having this substance in a water source and the effects it has on the human body after different types of exposure.

Title: Andover Town Hall Meeting/ Interview with Eileen Ibranyi

Location: Neither have happened yet but are scheduled for the future

Description: These sources will help bring in the human aspect of the paper. They will provide insight into the grassroots movement happening in Andover currently.

Primary Source Analysis:

In this document published by the CDC and The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health(NIOSH), the chemical effects of Ethylene Glycol(antifreeze) on humans after consumption or exposure is explained. This document was created in 2003 and still serves its purpose today as the document that explains this particular chemical and its agents. The document highlights all of the short and long term effects of different types of exposure to the chemical and what to do if the chemical is in an unwanted environment. This suggests that during the time of creation it was mandated that this information be public knowledge to help people understand the dangers of this chemical and how it can affect them in their day to day lives and futures.

This document can provide a lot of supporting evidence for the case to cease construction of the BHT junkyard on the grounds that the contaminates from the waste are toxic to humans. 

“Kidney (renal) failure can occur 24 to 72 hours after acute ethylene glycol ingestion. Some loss of kidney function may be permanent. In the absence of improvement of renal function, the patient/victim may die or require permanent hemodialysis. Injury to the nerves of the head and neck (cranial nerve palsies) may be of short-term or long-term duration. This may affect the nerves that control facial movement, eye movement and vision, hearing, and swallowing. Loss of the ability to move a body part (palsy) may occur 4 to 18 days post exposure in patient/victims with delayed treatment or inadequate or no treatment. Brain swelling (cerebral edema) causes an impaired level of consciousness and may cause generalized seizures, brain death, or permanent brain damage. Accumulation of fluid in the lungs (pulmonary edema), due to heart or lung damage, may occur. Muscle inflammation (myositis) may occur.”

This section of the document focuses on the long term effects of ingestion of antifreeze even long after being exposed to the toxins. Along those lines, if a person were to be repeatedly exposed to the chemical, for example through their ground water that has been contaminated, there can be long term damaging effects. 

“Ethylene glycol is not classifiable as a human carcinogen. Limited studies have not found ethylene glycol to be a carcinogen. It is not known whether chronic or repeated exposure to ethylene glycol increases the risk of reproductive toxicity or developmental toxicity. Chronic or repeated exposure to ethylene glycol may lead to irritation of the throat, mild headache, low backache, loss of consciousness, and nystagmus, all of which resolve if the source of exposure is removed.”

Lastly, earlier in the document, the CDC offers a long list of guidelines in how to deal with a contaminated site that is full of these toxic chemicals. The guidelines are strict and expansive and require a lot of protective equipment, exposing just how dangerous this chemical can be.