Primary Source Report-JT

Project Title:

The Brumadinho Dam Disaster: Rape and Pillaging of the Rainforest and Gross Negligence Against Latinos by a Multinational Corporation.

Sources:

Title: Brumadinho Dam Collapse: A Tidal Wave of Mud

Location: The New York Times (On-line New Article) https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2019/02/09/world/americas/brazil-dam-collapse.html

Description: This source provides a deep insight into the collapse of the dam at the Brumadinho site. Through this detailed investigation, by the collaboration of a team of reporters, we may learn the reasons which led to the causes of the collapse of this dam, how the millions of cubic meters of toxic mining sludge destroyed a large area of the rain forest, the personal savings and investments of the local community and individuals.

Title: The 2019 Brumadinho Tailings Dam Collapse: Possible Cause and Impacts of the Worst Human and Environmental Disaster in Brazil

Location: ScienceDirect Website. International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0303243420300192

Description: This source provides a deep insight into the collapse of the dam at the Brumadinho site. Through a detailed statistical, technical, engineering, and environmental analysis into the causes which led to the disaster caused by the collapse of the dam we learn the what, where, and why’s of this disaster.

Title: Severe Impacts of the Brumadinho Dam Failure (Minas Gerais, Brazil) On The Water Quality of the Paraopeba River

Location: ScienceDirect Website. Science of The Total Environment. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0048969719359091

Description: This source provides a deep insight into the ramifications stemming from the collapse of the dam at the Brumadinho site. Through detailed physiochemical, meta, microbiological, analyses and in-vivo experiments with zebra fish embryos. These analyses help present evidence of possible threat to health risk.

Title: Some Considerations in the Stability Analysis of Upstream Tailings Dams

Location: ResearchGate Website. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/255509946_Some_considerations_in_the_stability_analysis_of_upstream_tailings_dams

Description: This source provides technical information, and insights, on the stability of upstream tailings dams. The relevance of this source to the subject-at-hand is that it provides in-depth information on the types of dams which have been used by the multinational corporation, Vale, S.A., and which are at the source of the environmental and economic destruction done to the rainforest and to the local communities surrounding the devastated area.

Title: Some Developments and New Insights For Environmental Sustainability and Disaster Control of Tailings Dams

Location: ScienceDirect Website. Journal of Cleaner Production. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0959652620323179

Description: This source provides comprehensive analysis on the stability of upstream tailings dams and provides suggestions with multiple methods to improve upstream tailings dams to help with the preservation of the rainforest, prevention and control of upstream tailings dams.