Primary Source Report-CG

Cameron Greer

Frack It: The effects of Fracking in Susquehanna county

Pennsylvania Fracking Map

http://stateimpact.npr.org/pennsylvania/drilling/

This source will help visually illustrate the scale of the pollution and fracking in Pennsylvania, and especially in Susqenhanna county .

EPA: Fracking can impact drinking Water

https://stateimpact.npr.org/pennsylvania/2016/12/13/epa-fracking-can-impact-drinking-water/

The article proclaims the EPA’s determination that fracking can impact water supplies in a revision of their 2015 draft report. A key and telling aspect of this article is the note of fracking interests to refuse to provide data that could’ve accelerated the debut of this report and actually make it accurate. 

A natural gas fracking site in Susquehanna county, PA, overlooks bucolic farmland

https://www.bayjournal.com/news/energy/natural-gas-fracking-under-fire-in-pa/article_37169bd4-f1dc-11ea-aee1-772a61b111bd.html

This picture is a microcosm of the current fracking situation in rural pennsylvania, and specifically Susquehanna county. 

  1. This source is a map of fracking sites across Pennsylvania, and at the same time, a map of environmental regulations violations. The map allows the reader to grasp the scale of fracking across Pennsylvania, while also seeing how badly the environment is potentially being damaged. Follow-up links from the page also allow the reader to see the largest companies, and the largest violators of environmental regulations in more depth. Upon viewing the map, the viewer will understand how gargantuan fracking has grown in Pennsylvania, as well as the where and how badly environmentally violations are occurring.

If you zoom into Susquehanna county, the area northwest of Scranton and South of Binghamton, NY, you easily see a large cluster of orange right in the middle. This clearly highlights the massive level of environmental damage occurring there. Sorting by counties on one of the interior links, the reader can clearly see that Susquehanna counties has the third highest the largest number of drilling wells in Pennsylvania, but the highest number of violations in the state. Delving deeper into this, the reader can view the specific companies liable for these violations, the vast majority in Susquehanna county being liable to two companies, Cabot Oil & Gas and Chesapeke Appachalia.

  1. This article discusses the 2016 update of an 2015 EPA report that originally stated fracking does not threaten water supplies, but now does. However, the report was criticized by the EPA’s own scientists at its conclusion. Additionally, fracking interests were not forthcoming in providing data and information that would’ve assisted in making it more accurate from the beginning. The refusal of the fracking industry to provide data, as well as switching their perspective from supporting the report to opposing it once it determined they pollute water sources, proves fracking does pollute water supplies, and fracking companies are complicit. 

Firstly, the “ EPA’s own scientific review board criticized that conclusion however, saying it did not hold up to the science reflected in the body of the report.”, if the EPA’s own scientists rejected the report, surely anyone of a logical mind would not believe fracking does not cause damage to water supplies without a serious degree of incredulity. The limitations of of the study caused the original incorrect conclusion, aided and and abetted by the lack of assistance in obtaining the actual facts from the fracking companies. Finally, when the updated report was released “Meanwhile, industry is no longer praising the report”. Clearly they no longer support the report because it says the truth, and rejects the nothing that what they do does not harm the water supplies. 

3. This picture is a picture of a drilling rig on a hill overlooking a classical farm in Susquehanna county. The farm is, as the picture description states, bucolic, or idyllic. It seems also perfectly in tune with its environment and the nature around it. However, the fracking rig next door hovers over in complete anathema to the peaceful realm below. 

The first point of the division the viewer sees is the stark contrast between the wood and grass of the farm, and metal tower. The color palette difference is also very striking in the same vein. Behind the house is a small forest, but near the rig is nothing but a barren hill. These represent how the rigs are almost a plight on the landscape and nature of Pennsylvania.