Primary Source Report-AV

  1. Navajo Nation’s water rights and miscellaneous water supply issues

United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Energy and Natural Resources. Navajo Nation’s water rights and miscellaneous water supply issues : hearing before the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources, United States Senate, One Hundred Tenth Congress, first session to receive testimony on S. 1711 … June 27, 2007. Washington : U.S. G.P.O. : For sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S. G.P.O., 2007. https://www.govinfo.gov/content/pkg/CHRG-110shrg37826/pdf/CHRG-110shrg37826.pdf

This document is a Congress hearing where there are a multitude of testimonies, both by Navajo people and government officials. I will be using this source to analyze the actions or lack thereof of the US government in acknowledging the water crisis of the Navajo nation. This will be done by analyzing the water studies discussed in the hearing and the acknowledgement of how these issues hinder public health and safety. I will also be verifying what steps have been taken since this hearing in 2007 and whether any of the issues addressed were fixed. 

  1. The Navajo country : a geographic and hydrographic reconnaissance of parts of Arizona, New Mexico, and Utah. 

Gregory, Herbert E. (Herbert Ernest), 1869-1952. The Navajo country : a geographic and hydrographic reconnaissance of parts of Arizona, New Mexico, and Utah / by Herbert E. Gregory. Washington : Govt. Print. Off., 1916. https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=loc.ark:/13960/t48p6vx7c&view=1up&seq=15

This book explores the geological and topological makeup of Navajo reservations in 1916 through environmental analysis and visual illustrations. I will be using this source to analyze how early on it was known that these reservations had water scarcity and water cleanliness issues. I will also use this source to analyze how white settlements and implementation of military bases surrounding the reservation led to Navajo people being excluded from public services, such as hospitals and schools. This claim will be used to compare to the similar situation that Navajo people experience in terms of racial discrimination and lack of access to infrastructure and public services. 

  1. A Better Future Lies Ahead–Stop the Spread, Stay Home /// Wash Your Hands

Yazzie, J., Amplifier, S. & Amplifier, P. (2020) A Better Future Lies Ahead–Stop the Spread, Stay Home /// Wash Your Hands. , 2020. [Seattle: Amplifier] [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/2020632243/.

This is a photograph published to advise Navajo people to avoid the spread of corona virus by “staying home” and washing their hands. I’m going to use this photo analyze how the few things that can be done to avoid the spread of Covid are inaccessible to many Navajo people. I will also use this image to discuss how there’s individual responsibility to stop the spread placed on the Navajo people, but the reason that their population is afflicted so severely by Covid is structural and expansive. 

  1. Navajo Nation COVID-19 Dashboard.

“Navajo Nation COVID-19 Dashboard.” Navajo Nation Department of Health, 13 Oct. 2020, http://www.ndoh.navajo-nsn.gov/COVID-19/Data. 

This source is an official count of corona virus cases and results encountered in Navajo Nation, which includes statistical information and visual illustrations. I will be using this source to analyze the ways in which corona virus has impacted Navajo Nation compares to the rest of the US. I will also use this source to analyze what areas of the Navajo Nation were most impacted and whether there is a correlation between the areas most affected by Covid and where there is more water disparity or environmental degradation. 

  1. Navajo ‘Water Warrior’ drives miles during COVID to deliver water

News, Jacqueline Robledo/Cronkite. “Navajo ‘Water Warrior’ Drives Miles during COVID to Deliver Water.” Cronkite News – Arizona PBS, 1 Aug. 2020, cronkitenews.azpbs.org/2020/07/31/navajo-water-warrior-covid/. 

This article takes an in-depth look into how “Water Warriors” organized to deliver clean water to Navajo people during Covid. I will be using this source to look at how Navajo people had to rely on community organizing to receive clean, drinking water. Those that were most in need were the elderly, who did not have access to water or could not haul water back to their homes. I will also be using this source to put into perspective the dire need of clean water for people in these reservations through the use of anecdotes included in the article.