Primary Source Report-

  1. Superfund scars: Ringwood Residents dispute EPA cleanup claims

Barry, Jan and Williams, Barbara. “Superfund scars Ringwood residents dispute EPA cleanup claims.”  The Record; Published March 8, 2004; Accessed November 12, 2020. Pg 5-8. http://www.digifind-it.com/njhistoricalportal/data/ringwood//Superfund%202000.pdf

This article from the Record newspaper in 2004 documents the time between 1994 and 2006 when the Ringwood Mines/Landfill was not listed on the national Superfund list.  This article provides information about the site location, history of the site, the conflict between the EPA and the Ramapough Lenape, and speaks specifically about the high rates of Asthma, leukemia, and anemia.  This provides evidence for arguments of laziness on the side of the EPA in its remediation efforts.

Keywords: Indigenous; Soil; Water; Pollution; Toxics;

2. Statement of Findings Ringwood, Passaic County Ringwood Mines/Landfill Former Superfund Site Petition

New Jersey Environmental Justice Task Force. “Statement of Findings.” NJDEP; Ringwood, NJ; March 24, 2005; Accessed November 19, 2020; https://www.state.nj.us/dep/ej/docs/ejps04sofringwood.pdf

The New Jersey Environmental Justice Task Force (NJEJTF) reported that it found that the claims by residents near the Ringwood Mines/Landfill were valid and within the scope of Executive Order No. 96. The NJEJTF recommended to forward the peition to the EPA for further action. This document adds to the political and social aspects of this research topic, as well as acknowleding that an Environmental Injustice has taken place at the superfund sites location.

Keywords: Indigenous; Soil; Pollution; Water; Community

3. Bacteria Possible Cause of Foul Ooze; May Feed On Iron, EPA Says.

Barry, Jan; “Bacteria Possible Cause of Foul Ooze; May Feed On Iron, EPA Says.”  The Record. Published March 25, 1998; Accessed on November 19, 2020; Pg. 12-13; http://www.digifind-it.com/njhistoricalportal/data/ringwood//Superfund%201990’s.pdf

Jan Barry’s article reports on the denial of the EPA and Ringwood Borough of the continued presence of toxic materials in and around the Ringwood Mine/Landfill.  It shows the dismissive attitude taken by the Borough of Ringwood and the EPA of the 1994 deprioitized superfund site.  It also displays a discrepency in the safety of the water for the municipality’s residents was made by the NJ DEP against what the Municipality itself claimed.

Keywords: Pollution; Soil; Water; Toxics; Business;

4. Ringwood Mines/Landfill Site Public Health Assessment

New Jersey Department of Health and Senior Services. “Ringwood Mines/Landfill Site Public Health Assessment.” Online State Report. 2006.  https://www.nj.gov/health/ceohs/documents/eohap/haz_sites/passaic/ringwood/ringwood_mines_landfill/ringwood_pha.pdf

            This report will be used to exhibit a more detailed account of the affects of multiple types of contamination and it’s effects on the people who’s water supply comes from the resivoir that is near by the dumping location.

Keywords: Pollution; Water; Toxics; Indigenous; Community;

5. Environmental Justice Concerns and Communication Problems Complicated Cleaning Up Ringwood Mines/Landfill Site

McKechnie, Paul, Dan Cox, Tom Reilly, and Christine Baughman. “Environmental Justice Concerns and Communication Problems Complicated Cleaning up Ringwood Mines/Landfill Site.” 2007. Washington, D.C: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Inspector General. https://permanent.fdlp.gov/websites/epagov/www.epa.gov/pdf-archive/20070402-2007-P-00016.pdf

This document will be used to show the EPA’s investigation into a complaint of discrimination based on Indigenous status and poor or lack of communication between the community and the representatives of the EPA.

Keywords: Indigenous; Water; Soil: Pollution; Community;