This is a video of immigrants in an ICE detention center in McAllen Texas. I plan on analyzing this footage and compare it with the design intent in the “Detention Facility Design Standards for Immigration and Customs Enforcement” that I’m using as my secondary source.
Semple, Kirk. “Haitians, After Perilous Journey, Find Door to U.S. Abruptly Shut.” The New York Times, September 23, 2016. https://nyti.ms/2cYkXrL.
This source is important as I’m analyzing the Haitian immigrant journey for the past 50 years. I’m trying to look at immigration numbers and patterns in the 80’s; 2000’s, 2010’s and 2020 to make a comparison. This is was written in 2016 and talks about a 7,000 mile journey from Haiti to Brazil in 2010, then through 11 countries from South America to Central America to reach the United States.
Fjellman, Stephen M., and Hugh Gladwin. “Haitian Family Patterns of Migration to South Florida.” Human Organization 44, no. 4 (1985): 301-12. Accessed October, 2020. http://www.jstor.org/stable/44126263.
This source is important as I’m analyzing the Haitian immigrant journey for the past 50 years. I’m trying to look at immigration numbers and patterns in the 80’s; 2000’s, 2010’s and 2020 to make a comparison. This is was written in 1985 and talks about the journey from Haiti to south Florida
Stepick, Alex. “Haitian Boat People: A Study in the Conflicting Forces Shaping U.S. Immigration Policy.” Law and Contemporary Problems 45, no. 2 (1982): 163-96. Accessed October, 2020. doi:10.2307/1191407.
This source is important as I’m analyzing the Haitian immigrant journey for the past 50 years. I’m trying to look at immigration numbers and patterns in the 80’s; 2000’s, 2010’s and 2020 to make a comparison. This is was written in 1982 and is following the stories of different experiences of boat people. ing both their presence in the United States and their claims for political asylum.
Saadi, Altaf, Maria-Elena de trinad Young, Caitlin Patler, Jeremias Leonel Estrada, and Homer Venters. “Understanding US Immigration Detention: Reaffirming Rights and Addressing Social-Structural Determinants of Health.” Health and Human Rights 22, no. 1 (2020): 187-98. Accessed October, 2020. doi:10.2307/26923485.
This source is looking at mass immigration detention existing in the United States and how it mimics the criminal incarceration system and holds detained individuals in punitive, prison-like conditions. This source will be helpful when I’m exploring the point of being a climate chage refugee makes you a criminal.
Countries of Birth for U.S. Immigrants, 1960- Present graph.
This graph was helpful in identifying the periods of the Haitian immigration journey that I could analyze and showed how between 2010 and 2020 the number of Haitian immigrant grew at a faster paste which led me to make other researches. I think this graph can be used in my paper.
Migration in a controlled flow through Panama by Cronkite News. 19 Jul,2020
This map and data was important in understanding why there were so many Haitian immigrants in Texas and where they were coming from. This might be used a secondary source.
Chak, Tings. Undocumented: the Architecture of Migrant Detention. Amsterdam/ Montreal: Sections, 2014.
I’m working on getting access to this book, it is more of an illustration, but from the snippets that what I’ve seen, it has axonometric drawings, floor plans, and spacial composition of a detention center in Canada. It is strong on the illustration side, but I’m mostly interested in looking at the architectural drawings. It can be useful for when I’m analyzing the build environment of the detention centers and how I can represent and explain them.
A few pages can be found on the author’s website: https://tingschak.com/undocumented-the-architecture-of-migrant-detention
Or a video of the flip through can be seen: https://www.ideabooks.nl/architecture-landscape/9789492058003-undocumented-the-architecture-of-migrant-detention
Pacheco , Antonio. “Why Are Architecture’s Major Professional Organizations Silent on the Immigrant Detention Debate?” The Architect’s Newspaper, June 29, 2018. https://www.archpaper.com/2018/06/architecture-profession-silent-immigrant-detention-system/.
I’ve been looking at a lot of articles published in the last four years, to be informed of the Architectural profession on detention centers. This article highlights different voices from different architecture associations in the USA and their stance on the subject. I intent on using it as a source to help frame and understand who builds these facilities if architects refuse to do so.
Craig , Nathan, and Margaret Brown Vega. Rep. “Why Doesn’t Anyone Investigate This Place?”: Complaints Made by Migrants Detained at the Otero County Processing Center, Chaparral, NM Compared to Department of Homeland Security Inspections and Reports. Detained Migrant Solidarity Committee (DMSC) and Freedom for Immigrants (FFI), July 2018. https://static1.squarespace.com/static/5a33042eb078691c386e7bce/t/5b4c2f0b88251b376ed2d8fb/1531719451809/Otero+Report+Final.pdf.
This report analyses many issues like “Inadequate and Poor Quality Food, Inadequate Medical Attention, Labor Exploitation, Unsanitary Conditions, Limited Outdoor Access, Inadequate Access to Legal Resources, Immigration Detention as a Private Industry…” and other at the Otero County U.S. department of Homeland Security in El Paso. This is a great resource that I can use when analyzing conditions in detention centers. The different sections in this report bring me a lot of knowledge and I plan on heavily using it to showcase the environment injustices happening in detention centers.