Final Report-NF

A Community Divided : How a Proposed Auto Junkyard Split Andover Township Residents and Elected Officials in Two

By Nicholas Fugaro

On a cold February 2017 morning at 6:30 a.m. a large multi vehicle fire breaks out at Copart junkyard in Glassboro, New Jersey. The fire, being fed by “high winds” and plentiful access to rubber tires and flammable chemicals as fuel, took multiple fire departments to contain.[1] With the help of Franklinville Fire Company and Ferrell Volunteer Fire Co #1, the Glassboro Fire Department was able to contain the dangerous chemical fire in just over an hour.[2] The fire came about a week after another car fire at the junkyard on Feb. 1 according to Caitlyn Stulpin. [3] This fire was just one of many at this junkyard and others owned by Copart, an online auto auction site, around the United States.

Currently, in Andover Township, New Jersey, residents and elected officials alike are divided over the proposition of an auto junkyard owned and operated by Copart. Copart, is a large multinational corporation that operates junkyards around the world for their network of clients to buy and sell salvageable cars and parts.[4] The proposed land is 99 acres of property off of Stickles Pond Road, making it one of the largest potential junkyards in the United States.[5] The land in question, will be acquired by BHT Properties Group, who will then sell the land to Copart for their new junkyard. This area has over 100 homes and also sits at the head of the Pequest river, a major water source for the area’s wildlife and wells.[6]

To get a better understanding of the fight over the proposed junkyard, this paper will explore the larger questions at hand. What are the environmental impacts of an auto junkyard? What impacts do auto junkyards have on crime rates of the areas they are in? Why are elected officials of Andover Township fighting for the junkyard while residents of Andover Township are against it? 

To find answers to these questions this paper will take a look into the history of environmental impacts that auto junkyards have, specifically Copart junkyards. This can be done by analyzing the effect of heavy metals and petroleum hydrocarbons on water sources that have been affected by these pollutants. We will then be diving into the history of crime surrounding the junkyards. This will be followed by an examination of the arguments elected town officials have for the junkyard to come to fruition in Andover Township, such as tax revenue and land beautification.  Lastly we will look at the development and push back of the grassroots movement formed by Andover Township residents. Detailing their concerns with the environment, crime, and property value, deteriorating their homes and community. (See the video essay below on this project).

Video Essay o the Andover Township (NJ) Junkyard Controversy

Copart and the Environment:

The proposed area of Andover Township where the junkyard will reside is a major environmental concern. This land is a key wetlands for the aquifer of Andover Township and the environmental conservation area nearby. There are also nearby water sources that animals and humans alike rely on for life, such as Stickle Pond and the Pequest River . Many of the just over 6,000 residents of Andover, rely on well water, which is directly affected by the wetlands, groundwater and Pequest River.[7]

Preliminary and Final Major Site Plan: BHT Properties

(https://drive.google.com/file/d/1Iw73oG1GiKQynWsuuNU6elirnzqs2-x-/view)

Allowing a large auto junkyard such as the one proposed by BHT and Copart would open these important water sources to massive amounts of pollution in the form of antifreeze, gasoline, and oil. [8] These chemicals can be further grouped by being classified as petroleum hydrocarbons, which are known to destroy both the environment and the human body.[9] Many of these mixtures contain carcinogens such as Benzene which has been linked to leukemia and other blood disorders.[10] Other toxic materials involving auto waste are the heavy metals that make up the car. Heavy metals found in automobiles include lead, cadmium, chromium, arsenic, zinc, copper, aluminum, mercury, and nickel. These metals have a wide array of impacts in humans should they be ingested through the skin, lungs, or contaminated water. [11] Lead poisoning, even at very low levels may result in severe impairment of brain development in children and at high levels may cause loss of brain function and nervous system responses (Byers and Lord 1943, Centers 1985). “[12]

Although highly regulated by environmental agencies around the world, Copart has a history of following environmental regulations loosely. Following hurricane Sandy, which devastated many New Jersey residents with high winds and flooding, leaving over 30,000 cars broken beyond repair. This mass influx of junk cars was taken on by Copart, who moved the cars to  Riverhead, Long Island in New York. The area in which the cars are currently located is designated as a state protected grasslands. [13] Richard Amper, the executive director of the Long Island Pine Barrens Society, has voiced his concerns with the destruction of the grasslands and the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation has ordered Copart to remove the vehicles.[14] These vehicles have yet to be removed to this day and continue to poison the grasslands they inhabit.[15] 

Another major concern with large auto junkyards is uncontainable fires. Once a small fire gets started in one of these junkyards it quickly grows as it is fueled by leftover chemicals in the cars, such as petroleum hydrocarbons and the tires on the cars. These fires burn hot and are often difficult to put out. Earlier in 2020 in Bellport, New York, yet another fire broke out at a Copart junkyard.[16] The fire burned a total of 20 cars and the cause was not determined.[17]

Copart Auto Junkyard, Bellport, NY

(https://patch.com/new-york/patchogue/20-cars-damaged-massive-blaze-bellport-car-lot)

Andover Township’s fire department is very small and consists of volunteers only. The department consists of just two fire stations and 30 volunteer firefighters. [18] If a fire were to break out at the proposed junkyard on Stickles Pond road, the firefighters would need to pump water from Stickle Pond to put the fire out. [19] This could prove troublesome if the pond is polluted with the same chemicals that the fire is feeding off of. The area is also surrounded by woodlands, which could quickly burn during dry seasons.

Copart and Crime:

The Andover Township police department is a small organization, that consists of ten active officers, which are split into two groups of four officers with one supervisor per group. [20]  The reason the police department is so small is because there is not a large population in Andover, and the crime rate is extremely low. The population of Andover Township is barely over 6,000 residents. [21] The chances of becoming a victim of crime in Andover is just 1 in 141, as compared to the average in the United States being 1 in 39. [22] These statistics allow the police department to be extremely small compared to other towns in the area, yet still effective. 

The introduction of a large auto junkyard, like the one proposed by BHT properties and Copart would change the crime rate in Andover drastically. A junkyard of this size would increase the amount of non Andover residents coming through the area for business and ultimately crime. Copart has many locations around the world and these other junkyards are known to bring crime to the areas they inhabit. In Weld County, Colorado residents and the Weld County Sheriff’s Office have seen their fair share of crime surrounding the Copart junkyard location in their area. The Weld County Sheriff’s Office has spent a lot of time and resources trying to contain the crimes involving Copart. As recently as July 2020, the Weld County Copart location has seen a major amount of theft, including five pickups, nine motorcycles, one SUV, a dirtbike and an enclosed trailer. These thefts equaled a total of about $150,000. [23] This major haul was just one of many crimes reported at the location this year. The local CBS news in Weld County reported that “So far this year, deputies have responded to seven reports of suspicious activity and four alarm calls at the business. The sheriff’s office has also completed 18 area watches and are investigating nine cases at the business ranging from property damage to stolen vehicles.” [24] Similarly, at the Cudahy, Wisconsin location of Copart, there has been another large scale theft. In November of 2018, an overnight crime spree of two individuals left 16 vehicles with broken windows as they searched for valuables in cars that were a part of previous automobile accidents. The cause of the crime according to the police and Copart was that the main gate was accidently left open following a late night semi truck arrival. [25]

Andover Township’s Land Use Board Stance:

The elected officials of Andover Township are trying their hardest to pass the application for BHT Properties Group and turn the land off of Stickles Pond Road into an auto junkyard owned and operated by Copart. This is evidenced by the Andover Township Land Use Department’s best efforts to cater to BHT Properties Group. BHT’s application has had numerous errors and been rejected multiple times, but they have been allowed to resubmit their application and change it so that it can pass. [26]

At the Andover Township Land Use Board’s public hearings, the regional manager for Copart, Charles Eichman, was questioned about the benefits of the junkyard as well as some concerns regarding the environment. Eichman stated that the junkyard will employ from 15 to 30 people and also beef up the township’s coffers. [27] Eichman also goes on to state that the vehicles are completely drained of all fluids and that Copart has a near immaculate track record at its many locations. [28]

  BHT has convinced the elected officials of Andover Township that the property off Stickles Pond is an eyesore and generates too little income. BHT’s attorney William Haggerty has been at the front lines of convincing both elected officials and town residents that the junkyard will be a positive for the community. According to Haggerty the proposed land currently generates $30,500 per year and projects that the land could generate $375,000 per year if the junkyard gets passed. [29] Haggerty also goes on to say that the junkyard would improve the appearance of the unused lot and increase the tax base for Andover Township. [30] In a statement to the local newspaper for Andover known as the Township Journal, Haggerty explains “BHT Properties is committed to being a partner to the Andover community, and as such, we chose a use for this land that would produce less traffic, less pollution, and a lower environmental impact than a traditional industrial development permitted under current zoning”. [31]

Andover Township Residents form a Grassroots Movement:

Residents of Andover Township, specifically those who own homes and or businesses on Stickles Pond Road, are devastated that the proposed junkyard’s application is even being entertained by their land use board. After receiving notice about the junkyard and attending land use board meetings, residents of Stickles Pond Road quickly realized what was at stake in their community. Eileen Ibranyi, an Andover resident who resides on and operates her business, Ibranyi is Floral on Stickles Pond Road, has spearheaded her community’s call to action. Ibranyi has gotten the attention of her friends and neighbors in order to form a grassroots movement to put a stop to the proposed junkyards application. With the assistance of her community, Ibranyi has raised funds to spread the word about the junkyard to the Andover community and hired a lawyer named Elizabeth Durkin to represent the residents of Stickles Pond Road in the land use board meetings. [32] The following link is an interview of Eileen Ibranyi conducted by Nicholas Fugaro.

To better understand the goals of the movement, it is important to understand the application process and the rights of the citizens regarding land use applications. In New Jersey, when a property acquisition of this size is heard by a land use board, any objectors(people who oppose the application) have equal rights to be heard and have their arguments heard before the board. [33] During the COVID-19 pandemic, new laws regarding town meetings have been passed by Governor Phil Murphy. These laws require that town meetings must accommodate everyone who wishes to attend the meeting in person while also still following COVID-19 guidelines for social distancing. [34]

  Ibranyi and residents of Stickles Pond Road and Andover are concerned about the junkyard lowering their quality of life. As explained above, the environmental concerns of a junkyard this size are worrisome. After reading the application for the land on Stickles Pond Road and attending land use board meetings regarding the land, Ibranyi and the residents of Andover are concerned for their homes. [35] BHT’s lawyer William Haggerty and Coparts regional manager Charles Eichman claim that there will be little to no environmental damage, but residents of Andover are not fooled by these statements. Ibranyi and members of the grassroots movement took notice that more than half of BHT’s plan included environmental remediation. [36] During a land use board meeting, attorney Elizabeth Durkin, cross examined Copart’s lead engineer and learned that Copart does not check if the vehicle’s fluids are drained. [37] Members of the grassroots movement have also taken photo evidence of other Copart locations, identifying that the junkyard does not just operate 9-5 on business days, but 24/7 around the clock, with large machines and trucks hauling loads of cars. [38] This noise would make living in the area extremely bothersome.

The movement led by Ibranyi has also identified inconsistencies in Coparts and Haggerty’s claims on the junkyards tax revenue. Although the area off Stickles Pond Road is a very large chunk of land, the way it is zoned allows BHT and Copart to pay a very low tax rate on areas without buildings. [39] In combination with this, when residents see a loss in property value they will have their homes reassessed and the tax revenue for Andover will shrink enormously. [40]

Residents are also extremely concerned about the safety of their homes following the introduction of the junkyard. Copart’s business model is an online auto auction, the nature of which allows people from anywhere in the world to bid on cars that would be stored at the new Andover location. [41] As mentioned above, crime rates surrounding auto junkyards are extremely high, this combined with the nature of Copart’s business model concerns residents. [42] Residents are also concerned about the traffic the junkyard will bring to their community. Stickles Pond Road, is a windy, narrow back road that has a large amount of thru traffic. Many drivers speed on this stretch of road and a number of accidents have occurred. [43] The introduction of a business this large, that brings in 20-30 semi trucks full of junk cars every day, would add even more danger to their already dangerous road. [44]

Residents and businesses of Stickles Pond Road alike are concerned over the value of their property and businesses. The environmental and crime concerns mentioned above attribute to a major loss in property value. [45] Another concern of residents regarding their property value is traffic patterns. There are a limited number of ways that Copart’s haulers can make it to the junkyard and given the large nature of the vehicles and the back roads they will be driving on, traffic will increase immensely. [46] Traffic patterns, especially those with large and loud trucks have been known to contribute to property value loss. [47]

The Fight of Andover Township’s Grassroots Movement:

After many hours of research and planning Ibranyi, Durkin, and the residents of Stickles Pond Road have found a course of action to put a stop to the proposed auto junkyard. Using funds raised from members of the community, the grassroots movement has put up signs to get the attention of their community and grow their movement to show strength in numbers. [48] The movement has also created a petition to put a stop to the application of the junkyard. Much like the members of the East Fishkill community, residents of Andover have been actively participating in land use board meetings regarding BHT and showing up in large crowds to show their support. [49] This show of numbers serves two purposes, one to show the elected officials of Andover and BHT/Copart just how many people in their community are against the junkyard. The other being that because of the laws passed by Phil Murphy, the application process for BHT can be dragged out by cancelling these meetings due to not being able to accommodate the amount of people that show up. [50]

Petition Against BHT Properties Application

(sent by Eileen Ibranyi)

Durkin, with the assistance of the residents of Stickles Pond Road, have also identified inconsistencies in BHT and Copart’s application and what they are telling the general public. These inconsistencies can be proven by the meeting minutes for the land use board meetings, but Andover Township Land Use Board has made these minutes hard to obtain. The minutes are either supposed to be transcribed or recorded, but the recordings provided by the Board are of such poor quality that one cannot understand what is being said. Along with this, the local Andover Township newspaper, the Township Journal, is reporting on the matter in favor of BHT and Copart, distorting statements that were addressed at the meeting. [51] Although this information is disheartening to Ibranyi, Durkin and the residents of Stickles Pond Road, they still have hope in their movement and their power in numbers. Along with this, an article published by Jennifer Jean Miller in the New Jersey Herald, paints the grassroots movement in a positive light and warns of the dangers of the junkyard. [52]

Conclusion: 

The proposed auto junkyard owned and operated by Copart has divided the Andover Township community in two. Those in favor of the junkyard, trust in the word of BHT and Copart and believe that the land in question is currently an eye sore. They believe that the land can be better used as a junkyard for both tax revenue and the beautification of the land. Those opposed, believe that this junkyard would wreak havoc on their community. This havoc is in the form of environmental disaster, rising crime rates, and lower quality of life. These issues combined create an even bigger issue for those opposed because they will lower their property values. Many of these residents plan to use the equity of their home for retirement, which is now being threatened by the junkyard. [53]

Key Words: Pollution, Junkyard, Community, Crime, Water

Endnotes:

[1] Caitlyn Stulpin, “Fire burns several cars in second junkyard blaze this month” nj.com 

2/9/2017https://www.nj.com./gloucester-county/2017/02/companies_fought_a_multi-car_blaze_at_glassboro_ju.html

[2] Caitlyn Stulpin, “Fire burns several cars in second junkyard blaze this month” nj.com 

2/9/2017https://www.nj.com./gloucester-county/2017/02/companies_fought_a_multi-car_blaze_at_glassboro_ju.html

[3] Caitlyn Stulpin, “Fire burns several cars in second junkyard blaze this month” nj.com 

2/9/2017https://www.nj.com./gloucester-county/2017/02/companies_fought_a_multi-car_blaze_at_glassboro_ju.html

[4] Jay Adair, “About Copart” copart.com, Accessed: 11/19/2020

https://www.copart.com/content/us/en/about-copart/about-copart#:~:text=Founded%20in%201982%20with%20a,source%20for%20online%20vehicle%20auctions.&text=Headquartered%20in%20Dallas%2C%20Texas%2C%20Copart,up%20for%20auction%20every%20day.

[5] Cash for Cars Northwest, “The 10 Biggest Junkyards in America” cash-for-cars.net

1/17/2020https://www.cash-for-cars.net/blog/the-10-biggest-junkyards-in-america/#:~:text=1.,vehicles%20on%20any%20given%20day.

[6] Engineering & Land Planning Associates INC, “Preliminary and Final Major Site Plan BHT Properties” andovertwp.org

2/6/2020https://drive.google.com/file/d/1Iw73oG1GiKQynWsuuNU6elirnzqs2-x-/view

[7] Matthew J. Mulhall, “Evaluation of Groundwater Resources of Andover Township, Sussex County, New Jersey” andovertwp.org

12/17/2009https://andovertwp.org/committees/landuse/GroundwaterResources.pdf

[8] Engineering & Land Planning Associates INC, “Preliminary and Final Major Site Plan BHT Properties” andovertwp.org

2/6/2020https://drive.google.com/file/d/1Iw73oG1GiKQynWsuuNU6elirnzqs2-x-/view

[9] The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, “Ethylene Glycol” cdc.gov

2003 https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/ershdb/emergencyresponsecard_29750031.html

[10] Ethan Dively, Nicholas Ferreri, Cole Rossiter, “Dirty Recycling: Auto Salvage and Its Potential Impacts on Marginalized Populations” cupola.gettysburg.edu

2014https://cupola.gettysburg.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1304&context=student_scholarship

[11] Ethan Dively, Nicholas Ferreri, Cole Rossiter, “Dirty Recycling: Auto Salvage and Its Potential Impacts on Marginalized Populations” cupola.gettysburg.edu

2014https://cupola.gettysburg.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1304&context=student_scholarship

[12] Ethan Dively, Nicholas Ferreri, Cole Rossiter, “Dirty Recycling: Auto Salvage and Its Potential Impacts on Marginalized Populations” cupola.gettysburg.edu

2014https://cupola.gettysburg.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1304&context=student_scholarship

[13] Lisa Finn, “Environmentalist: Sandy Cars ‘Destroyed’ EPCAL Grasslands” patch.com

3/6/2013https://patch.com/new-york/riverhead/environmentalist-sandy-cars-destroyed-epcal-grasslands

[14] Lisa Finn, “Environmentalist: Sandy Cars ‘Destroyed’ EPCAL Grasslands” patch.com

3/6/2013https://patch.com/new-york/riverhead/environmentalist-sandy-cars-destroyed-epcal-grasslands

[15] Lisa Finn, “Environmentalist: Sandy Cars ‘Destroyed’ EPCAL Grasslands” patch.com

3/6/2013https://patch.com/new-york/riverhead/environmentalist-sandy-cars-destroyed-epcal-grasslands

[16] Priscila Korb, “20 Car Damaged In Massive Blaze At Bellport Car Lot” patch.com

1/14/2020https://patch.com/new-york/patchogue/20-cars-damaged-massive-blaze-bellport-car-lot

[17] Priscila Korb, “20 Car Damaged In Massive Blaze At Bellport Car Lot” patch.com

1/14/2020https://patch.com/new-york/patchogue/20-cars-damaged-massive-blaze-bellport-car-lot

[18] Andover Township Volunteer Fire Department firedepartment.net

Accessed: 12/10/2020 https://www.firedepartment.net/directory/new-jersey/sussex-county/newton/andover-township-volunteer-fire-department

[19] Eileen Ibranyi, “Interview conducted by Nicholas Fugaro about BHT junkyard”

11/29/2020 https://soundcloud.com/user-787348296/interview-eileen-ibranyi-11292020

[20] Andover Township Police Department, “Patrol Division” atpd.org https://www.atpd.org/patrol-divison

[21] Wikipedia, “Andover Township, New Jersey” wikipedia.org

Accessed: 12/5/2020 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andover_Township,_New_Jersey

[22] Neighborhood Scout, “Andover, NJ Crime Rates” neighborhoodscout.com

2018 https://www.neighborhoodscout.com/nj/andover/crime#data

[23] Audra Streetman “Thieves Steal $150,00 Worth Of Vehicles From Weld Co. Salvage Lot” denver.cbslocal.com 

7/17/2020https://denver.cbslocal.com/2020/07/17/weld-county-vehicle-thefts-copart-brighton/

[24] Audra Streetman “Thieves Steal $150,00 Worth Of Vehicles From Weld Co. Salvage Lot” denver.cbslocal.com 

7/17/2020https://denver.cbslocal.com/2020/07/17/weld-county-vehicle-thefts-copart-brighton/

[25] Erik S. Hanley “16 vehicles broken into in one night at Copart yard in Cudahy” jsonline.com

12/11/2018https://www.jsonline.com./story/communities/south/crime/2018/12/11/16-vehicles-broken-into-one-night-copart-yard-cudahy/2274215002/

[26] Elizabeth M. Durkin “Objection to BHT Application for Site Plan Approval/Andover Twp.” email exchange

12/14/2020https://drive.google.com/file/d/1xqzdntNqU9V0L6bWEo9pE0UuidfMHrxU/view?usp=sharing

[27] Mike Zummo “Hearing on auto storage facility runs out the clock, will continue in October” townshipjournal.com

9/16/2020http://www.townshipjournal.com/news/local-news/hearing-on-auto-storage-facility-runs-out-the-clock-will-continue-in-october-AE1314376

[28] Mike Zummo “Hearing on auto storage facility runs out the clock, will continue in October” townshipjournal.com

9/16/2020http://www.townshipjournal.com/news/local-news/hearing-on-auto-storage-facility-runs-out-the-clock-will-continue-in-october-AE1314376

[29] Mike Zummo “Hearing on auto storage facility runs out the clock, will continue in October” townshipjournal.com

9/16/2020http://www.townshipjournal.com/news/local-news/hearing-on-auto-storage-facility-runs-out-the-clock-will-continue-in-october-AE1314376

[30] Mike Zummo “Hearing on auto storage facility runs out the clock, will continue in October” townshipjournal.com

9/16/2020http://www.townshipjournal.com/news/local-news/hearing-on-auto-storage-facility-runs-out-the-clock-will-continue-in-october-AE1314376

[31] Mike Zummo “Hearing on auto storage facility runs out the clock, will continue in October” townshipjournal.com

9/16/2020http://www.townshipjournal.com/news/local-news/hearing-on-auto-storage-facility-runs-out-the-clock-will-continue-in-october-AE1314376

[32] Eileen Ibranyi, “Interview conducted by Nicholas Fugaro about BHT junkyard”

11/29/2020 https://soundcloud.com/user-787348296/interview-eileen-ibranyi-11292020

[33] Eileen Ibranyi, “Interview conducted by Nicholas Fugaro about BHT junkyard”

11/29/2020 https://soundcloud.com/user-787348296/interview-eileen-ibranyi-11292020

[34] Eileen Ibranyi, “Interview conducted by Nicholas Fugaro about BHT junkyard”

11/29/2020 https://soundcloud.com/user-787348296/interview-eileen-ibranyi-11292020

[35] Eileen Ibranyi, “Interview conducted by Nicholas Fugaro about BHT junkyard”

11/29/2020 https://soundcloud.com/user-787348296/interview-eileen-ibranyi-11292020

[36] Engineering & Land Planning Associates INC, “Preliminary and Final Major Site Plan BHT Properties” andovertwp.org

2/6/2020https://drive.google.com/file/d/1Iw73oG1GiKQynWsuuNU6elirnzqs2-x-/view

[37] Eileen Ibranyi, “Interview conducted by Nicholas Fugaro about BHT junkyard”

11/29/2020 https://soundcloud.com/user-787348296/interview-eileen-ibranyi-11292020

[38] Eileen Ibranyi, “Interview conducted by Nicholas Fugaro about BHT junkyard”

11/29/2020 https://soundcloud.com/user-787348296/interview-eileen-ibranyi-11292020

[39] Eileen Ibranyi, “Interview conducted by Nicholas Fugaro about BHT junkyard”

11/29/2020 https://soundcloud.com/user-787348296/interview-eileen-ibranyi-11292020

[40] Eileen Ibranyi, “Interview conducted by Nicholas Fugaro about BHT junkyard”

11/29/2020 https://soundcloud.com/user-787348296/interview-eileen-ibranyi-11292020

[41] Jay Adair, “About Copart” copart.com, Accessed: 11/19/2020

https://www.copart.com/content/us/en/about-copart/about-copart#:~:text=Founded%20in%201982%20with%20a,source%20for%20online%20vehicle%20auctions.&text=Headquartered%20in%20Dallas%2C%20Texas%2C%20Copart,up%20for%20auction%20every%20day.

[42] Eileen Ibranyi, “Interview conducted by Nicholas Fugaro about BHT junkyard”

11/29/2020 https://soundcloud.com/user-787348296/interview-eileen-ibranyi-11292020

[43] Eileen Ibranyi, “Interview conducted by Nicholas Fugaro about BHT junkyard”

11/29/2020 https://soundcloud.com/user-787348296/interview-eileen-ibranyi-11292020

[44] Eileen Ibranyi, “Interview conducted by Nicholas Fugaro about BHT junkyard”

11/29/2020 https://soundcloud.com/user-787348296/interview-eileen-ibranyi-11292020

[45] Eileen Ibranyi, “Interview conducted by Nicholas Fugaro about BHT junkyard”

11/29/2020 https://soundcloud.com/user-787348296/interview-eileen-ibranyi-11292020

[46] Eileen Ibranyi, “Interview conducted by Nicholas Fugaro about BHT junkyard”

11/29/2020 https://soundcloud.com/user-787348296/interview-eileen-ibranyi-11292020

[47] Community & Environmental Defense Services, “Traffic, Development & Neighborhood Quality of Life” ceds.org Accessed: 12/12/2020https://ceds.org/traffic/#:~:text=Traffic%20noise%20can%20have%20a,150%20times%20greater%20than%20cars.

[48] Eileen Ibranyi, “Interview conducted by Nicholas Fugaro about BHT junkyard”

11/29/2020 https://soundcloud.com/user-787348296/interview-eileen-ibranyi-11292020

[49] Eileen Ibranyi, “Interview conducted by Nicholas Fugaro about BHT junkyard”

11/29/2020 https://soundcloud.com/user-787348296/interview-eileen-ibranyi-11292020

[50] Eileen Ibranyi, “Interview conducted by Nicholas Fugaro about BHT junkyard”

11/29/2020 https://soundcloud.com/user-787348296/interview-eileen-ibranyi-11292020

[51] Eileen Ibranyi, “Interview conducted by Nicholas Fugaro about BHT junkyard”

11/29/2020 https://soundcloud.com/user-787348296/interview-eileen-ibranyi-11292020

[52] Jennifer Jean Miller, “Public hearing set for former airport property” njherald.com

3/12/2020https://www.njherald.com/news/20200312/public-hearing-set-for-former-airport-property

[53] Eileen Ibranyi, “Interview conducted by Nicholas Fugaro about BHT junkyard”

11/29/2020 https://soundcloud.com/user-787348296/interview-eileen-ibranyi-11292020