Annotated Secondary Bibliography – MC

Source 1: Toxicological Profile for Lead

US Dept of Health and Human Services. Public Health Service. Toxicological Profile for Lead. Atlanta, GA: Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, 2007.

This secondary source is a US government document which gives information regarding the chemical properties of lead and its consequent health impact. It is written objectively, with scientific evidence and in language that can be easily understood by laymen and ordinary citizens. This source will be used when explaining the negative side effects of lead, how prevalent it may be in the outside environment and in water and the consequences of lead poisoning on children. This paper will help support the health and medical issues associated with my project.

Source 2: The Aftermath of Flint: Lead Testing in Chicago’s Daycares and Schools

Jager, Maris. “The Aftermath of Flint: Lead Testing in Chicago’s Day Cares and Schools.” Natural Resources & Environment 32, no. 3 (Winter 2018): 22–25.


This secondary source discusses the aftermath of the Flint lead crisis, specifically how states like Illinois, New York and New Jersey are at trying to pass laws and procedures aimed at evaluating water safety and infrastructure. The article also mentions the Safe Water Drinking Act, which I plan to use in conjunction with my primary source which is a legal document. This document will be useful when discussing the Flint crisis, its similarities to that of Newark and the overall importance of improving the aging infrastructure of states all over the United States.

Source 3: “Racial Microbiopolitics: Flint Lead Poisoning, Detroit Water Shut Offs, and The “Matter” of Enfleshment”

Grimmer, Chelsea. “Racial Microbiopolitics: Flint Lead Poisoning, Detroit Water Shut Offs, and The “Matter” of Enfleshment.” The Comparatist41, no. 1 (2017): 19-40. Accessed March 12, 2019. doi:10.1353/com.2017.0002.


This source is an article published in a peer reviewed journal which discusses the intersection of racialization/race and the regulation of and access to water, in regards to the Flint crisis. The article also discusses the significance of the increasing privatization of water in the United States. The article also aims to figure out the meaning of water in culture and economics and how the regulation of water inevitably leads to issues of race and culture. This is relevant to my project because this source will add to the social and cultural contexts of why issues relating to water access and health occur in cities like Newark and Flint, primarily composed of people of color and lower income residents.