Annotated Bibliography – ZJ

Secondary Source Annotated Bibliography Assignment

ABC News In-depth, “This Concert Dome Holds A Leaking Toxic Timebomb ǀ Foreign Correspondent,” YouTube, posted on November 27, 2017,

This secondary source makes me think about the people who were in the Marshall Islands in the years when nuclear testing occurred. Both Marshallese and Americans are interviewed in this documentary. Most people who were interviewed were not alive when the tests occurred, which makes me wonder about the American GIs who worked at these atolls. One GI was interviewed, but it makes me wonder if other news outlets have documented these GIs who worked as cleanup at Eniwetok Atoll in the 1970s. My question about this source is that why does the United States government not recognize these men as “atomic veterans”, which is the term used by the government to describe the servicemen who served during the tests during the 1940s and 1950s?

Brown, Kate. Plutopia: Nuclear Families, Atomic Cities, and the Great Soviet and American Plutonium Disasters. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015.

This secondary source does not talk about my site, but instead it documented what went on in the towns of Richland, Washington and Ozersk, Soviet Union. I learned from this book about how another historian contextualized her information and her argument, which is something to consider when I go forward with my research. Reading Plutopia made me think about my own topics because of the similar themes and main ideas that I am focusing on that appeared in this book. Brown talked about the promises that nuclear weapons had for America post-1945, but what happened was that people got sick and they died prematurely. However, Brown’s book is also a story of people who are willing to tell their stories to anyone who was willing to listen. Oral histories are important to history, and I need to consider them, regardless of my own doubts about oral histories.

Immerwahr, Daniel. “Power Is Sovereignty, Mister Bond.” In How To Hide An Empire: A History Of The Greater United States, 336-354. New York: Farrar, Staraus, and Giroux, 2019.

This is an excerpt from a popular history book where the author explains about the use of remote islands across modern American and European history. Immerwahr wrote how America became a pointillist empire after the end of the Second World War by holding small islands and military bases across the world. This source makes me think about the setting of my topic, and I want to use this source to set the setting of my paper up. These islands were picked by the United States government as test sites because of their geographical isolation. I plan not to go into too much details about the political significance of islands in post-Second World War America, but I feel that it would provide background information for my audience.

McHenry, Donald F. Micronesia: Trust Betrayed. New York: Carnegie Endowment For International Peace, 1975.

This source mostly focuses on political developments that were going on between the United States and Micronesia during the 1960s and the 1970s. However, McHenry references from pages 32 to 35 about a document called “The Trusteeship Agreement” that detailed Micronesia’s political status and the United States’ responsibility to the region as stated in that document. McHenry wrote on page 34 that the United States did not allow the United Nations to inspect Micronesia for years because of security concerns. It made me wonder if this was done in relation to the nuclear testing that occurred in Micronesia. I might not know the answer in time to that question, but this secondary source has provided me a paraphrased primary source document. I need to read the entire, original text to fully understand what the terms were and how do they fit with my topic about the servicemen who served in that remote part of the world with some of the most dangerous weapons mankind ever made.

“Report Tells of ’46 Warning on Atomic Tests,” New York Times, May 25. 1983, ProQuest Historical Newspapers: The New York Times.

This news article raises questions about the nuclear tests that occurred in the Pacific. This article referenced to primary sources by an individual “Capt. Robert M. Lyon of the Radiological Safety Section,” who wrote about the possible health effects from nuclear fallout. This source provides me with relevant for two reasons. The first reason is that this source provides me with names and information to find primary sources. The second is that the possibility that the government knew about the dangers long before the American public knew about it strengthens my argument that environmental injustice did occurred in the Pacific. However, I need to find these primary sources before I can reach a conclusion. The primary sources do exist, so I consider that to be a step in the right direction.

Keywords: global, popular culture, race, toxics, water