“Explaining Attitudes Toward U.S. Energy Extraction: Offshore Drilling, the Keystone XL Pipeline, and Hydraulic Fracturing” is an analytical report attempting to explain the change in public opinion on energy extraction over the coverage of the Keystone Pipeline. The data in the 1st example points to the obvious in that while the coverage of the Keystone Pipeline was active there was a steady decrease in support. The major contribution of the article is explaining the variables and reasons for why the government officials would make policy changes. Initially the majority of democrats supported the Keystone Pipeline, however flipped when coverage began. Was this to for lack of better turn clown the republicans? Other questions to explore would be that why did policy not change on other environmental injustices such as fracking while Keystone was going on (both had decrease in support)?
Ceccoli, Stephen. 2018. “Explaining Attitudes Toward U.S. Energy Extraction: Offshore Drilling, the Keystone XL Pipeline, and Hydraulic Fracturing.” Social Science Quarterly (Wiley-Blackwell) 99 (2): 644–64. doi:10.1111/ssqu.12447.
“Oil Sands in European Media: Representations of the Canadian Oil Sands in European Newspapers, 2008-2013” is an article pertaining to the harsh criticism the Keystone Pipeline, Canada, and the United States received from the european press. This article’s contribution to the paper is that not just the United States and Canada had a vested interest in the Keystone Pipeline. Did this criticism lead to policy change in the United States? Obama is quoted in his address on the rejection of the Keystone XL saying “The pipeline would undercut America’s Global Leadership”.
FIŘTOVÁ, MAGDALENA. “Oil Sands in European Media: Representations of the Canadian Oil Sands in European Newspapers, 2008-2013.” Journal of Canadian Studies 51, no. 1 (Winter 2017): 186–216. https://search-ebscohost-com.proxy.libraries.rutgers.edu/login.aspx?direct=true&db=ahl&AN=125906397&site=ehost-live.
“Trust, tribalism and tweets: has political polarization made science a wedge issue?” focuses on if social media and its relationship with science/political discussion. This is a crucial point in my paper. Did Keystone’s later phases get rejected due to social media? If so why did social media affect the public so intensely? Or did Social media make a topic for people to speak about online, but it had little impact on creating meaningful participation and discussion?
Helmuth, Brian, Tarik C. Gouhier, Steven Scyphers, and Jennifer Mocarski. “Trust, Tribalism and Tweets: Has Political Polarization Made Science a ‘Wedge Issue’?” Climate Change Responses 3, no. 1 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1186/s40665-016-0018-z.
Tristian Harris: How A Handful of Tech Companies Control Our Mind Everyday. This Ted talk speaks on how social media is designed to engage and influence users. Do any of the methods he speaks about create change in public opinion? Does constant usage of social media influence individuals to espouse or engage in content they see on social media? This could make for arguments on how celebrities either did or did not influence public opinion.
Harris, Tristan. “How a Handful of Tech Companies Control Billions of Minds Every Day.” TED, April 3, 2017. https://www.ted.com/talks/tristan_harris_the_manipulative_tricks_tech_companies_use_to_capture_your_attention?language=en.
Nick Estes’s “Our History Is The Future” is a book detailing the history and traditions of the indeginous people who the Keystone Pipeline was intruding on. These natives would start a grassroots movement leading to #NoDAPL movement. As a source “Our His Is The Future” focuses on the indeginous people element of the history of the Keystone Pipeline. Without the indeginous groups resistance against the Keystone Pipeline their would not have been the mass amount of media coverage it received. This book keeps the paper grounded in that the indeginous put forth effort to spread awareness about the injustice committed against them that was then lucky enough to be picked up by social and mass media to help bolster their resistance. Excluding their pivotal role would be a misdeed.
Estes, Nick. Our History Is the Future: Standing Rock versus the Dakota Access Pipeline, and the Long Tradition of Indigenous Resistance. London: Verso, 2019.
Tags: Oil, Erasure, Indigenous, Protest, Media