Thomas Fleischman. 2020. Communist Pigs: An Animal History of East Germany’s Rise and Fall. Weyerhaeuser Environmental Books. Seattle: University of Washington Press.
Thomas Fleischman’s book discusses the fundamental role that three types of pigs played in the German Democratic Republic’s attempts to create and sustain a modern, industrial food system built on communist principles. It features the myriad of unintended consequences, including manure pollution, animal disease and food shortages, that occurred as a result of the shift from a culture of family owned farms to industrial agriculture.
CLARK, DOUG BOCK. 2018. “A Crap Deal for Duplin County.” Rolling Stone, no. 1309/1310 (March): 38–56.
Clark and Doug Bock explore the economic and environmental consequences of the acquisition of Smithfield Foods by Chinese company WH Group. In addition, the authors identity and examine the reasons behind WH Group’s decision to outsource its pork production to Duplin County, NC. The authors stand their ground that the deal is horrible for the United States and that China, a country that is growing rich, looks to outsource agricultural practices that are harmful to the environment and people’s health.
“Cesspools of Shame: How Factory Farm Lagoons and Sprayfields Threaten Environmental and Public Health.” 2001. Policy File. Natural Resources Defense Council.
The work documents how animal waste from factory farms has a negative impact on the environment and how it is a threat to human health. It discusses how most factory farms store animal waste (in large open lagoons that frequently burst). The manure leaks into waterways from lagoons that burst, spreading microbes that cause gastroenteritis, fever, kidney failure and even death.
Keywords: Race, Class, African America, Water, Factories