1. Cole, David B. “Artists and Urban Redevelopment.” Geographical Review 77, no. 4 (1987): 391–407. https://doi.org/10.2307/214280.
This journal article tracks artists forced from New York City due to hight rents into three New Jersey cities, Hoboken, Jersey City, and Newark and their role in the gentrification process. I will use this research to better understand the artist’s role in gentrification and their effect on the communities within the cities they move to, both financial and personal. This writing also helps to discern the need and difficulty accessing New York City for their work.
2. May, Earl Chapin. The Prudential :A Story of Human Security /. [1st ed.]. Garden City, N.Y. :, 1950. http://hdl.handle.net/2027/uc1.$b31148.
This book, written in 1950, gives a historical interpretation of the Prudential Insurance Company, written by an author clearly defined as ally. This book will provide a better understanding of the company’s business ambitions, and its long-term goals. Prudential plays a big role in the City of Newark and I am reading to understand the reach of the business into the surrounding communities. Being the owner (through a subsidiary) of 31 Central, I want to understand the mission and driving influences behind the company, the mission, and perceived ethical responsibilities.
3. Newark Arts. “Newark Creates: A Community Cultural Plan for Newark 2018 -2028.” Accessed October 4, 2020. https://newarkarts.org/newark-creates/.
Newark Arts, formerly the Newark Arts Council, has created a ten year plan for the arts within Newark, heavily relying on the participation of artists and grassroots organizations for content, but supported financially by institutions like Rutgers and Prudential. I want to clearly understand the perceived needs of the artists community though Newark Arts, and how they are discussed and met in the plan. The Cultural Plan also includes information from studies and surveys conducted within the Newark Arts community in 2017 and 2018, key years of the demise of 31 Central.
4. Schnapf, Lawrence P, and Lawrence Schnapf. “ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES IN REAL ESTATE AND CORPORATE TRANSACTIONS.” 2003, n.d., 150. https://www.environmental-law.net/wp-content/uploads/2011/09/Env-Issues-in-Bus-Trans-CLE-03.pdf.
This is a journal article published by a law firm specializing in environmental issues. This article clearly states environmental rules of law in corporate real estate dealings, as well as exposes though admission, grey areas and loop holes. This article provides a basic understanding of what is permissible, who is liable, and what laws are in place to protect people working, volunteering, and convening knowingly or unknowingly in environmentally unsound buildings. This article also includes laws regarding contaminated groundwater and runoff from neglected buildings, fire inspection, and mold regulations.
5. Markusen, Ann. “Urban Development and the Politics of a Creative Class: Evidence from a Study of Artists.” Environment and Planning A: Economy and Space 38, no. 10 (October 1, 2006): 1921–40. https://doi.org/10.1068/a38179.
This article is suggesting the complex nature of artists in formation, location, urban impact, and politics which do not mix with neoliberal urban political regimes, providing a understanding of the multifaceted complex relationships between artists and the cities/communities they are engaged with. Comparison of analysis from the article with experiences of the artists and grassroots organizations inhabiting 31 Central 1990 – 2019 can be used to assess the loss and gains within the individual groups and the immediate community.