Freedom for Immigrants. “Interactive Map – U.S. Immigration Detention.” November 6, 2017. Map. Freedom for Immigrants. https://www.freedomforimmigrants.org/map. https://www.freedomforimmigrants.org/map (Links to an external site.)
This map is very informative as it helps me identify not only to location of the immigration centers in the US but different informations like abusive unit placements, toxic exposure to chemical disinfectant, inadequate medical responses, sanitation and hygiene issues, facilities with COVID-19 etc. This information helps me with narrowing down the detention centers that I was to focus my research on.
Wah, Tatiana, and François Pierre-Louis. “Evolution of Haitian Immigrant Organizations & Community Development in New York City.” Journal of Haitian Studies 10, no. 1 (2004): 146-64. Accessed October 7, 2020.
The first few pages of this journal article help me with the history of Haïtian immigration trends to the US. It is useful when thinking of how we got to having more Haïtian families in detention in 2020.
U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement, and Office of Detention and Removal Operations, Contract Detention Facility Design Standards for Immigration and Customs Enforcement § (2007).
This design standard of detention center shows me the built environment of detention center. It helps me understand the proximity of spaces and the general idea/ concept behind those facilities. Bubble diagrams and description show the may idea, and a few photograph and plans help concretize the space in an architectural language. When reading stories of injustice, it’ll help me better conceptualize the space.
Lindskoog, Carl. Detain and Punish: Haitian Refugees and the Rise of the World’s Largest Immigration Detention System. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2018. Accessed October 7, 2020. doi:10.2307/j.ctvx076dx.
This book is being analyzed as a possible inspiration for writing the different stories of Haïtian that found themselves in detention centers from 1973 to 2000. the story telling style will help when I’ll be re-tracing an Haïtian’s immigrant’s journey.
Tabak, Shana. “Refugee Detention as a Violation of International Law.” Proceedings of the Annual Meeting (American Society of International Law) 110 (2016): 215-18. Accessed October 7, 2020. doi:10.2307/26420197.
This is used to inform myself of the different international laws and human rights that the detention centers might be violating.
Lennox, Malissia. “Refugees, Racism, and Reparations: A Critique of the United States’ Haitian Immigration Policy.” Stanford Law Review 45, no. 3 (1993): 687-724. Accessed October 7, 2020. doi:10.2307/1229010.
Although this article was published in 1993, it analyzes the US immigration system towards Haïtians which is the population that I’m focusing on. This is used as a general informational piece to make sure that I’m aware of all the possible angles when undertaking this topic.