- Toxic Legacy Series – The Record
Barry, Jan, Lindy Washburn, Mary Jo Layton, Barbara Williams, Alex Nussbaum, and Tom Troncone. “Toxic Legacy.” The Record. October 2,2005, October 3, 2005, October 4, 2005, October 6, 2005, October 8, 2005, and October 9, 2005. Pg. 79-92, 95-105, 107, 108, 111, 112, and 120. http://www.digifind-it.com/njhistoricalportal/data/ringwood//Superfund%202000.pdf
This is a five-part series run by The Record, a local New Jersey newspaper with research done by staff write Jan Barry, who worked with the Ramapough Munsee Lenape to get the Ringwood Mines site relisted as a Superfund site in 2006 after it had been removed in 1994. This source contains interviews with individuals effected by the contamination, studies done by nearby universities, and other valuable pieces of information written between the site’s classification of being a Superfund site about the environmental impact in addition to the resident health impact. This series provides a political, social, and cultural look into the Ringwood Mines Superfund Site and it’s effects on the Ramapough Munsee Lenape peoples.
2. Mann V. Ford Documentary
Chermayeff, Maro and Fink, Micah, dir. Mann V. Ford. 2011; New York, NY: Home Box Office, Inc. https://www.hbo.com/documentaries/mann-v-ford/mann-v-ford
This source provides a multifaceted view into the complex legal case brought against Ford Motor Company by the Ramapough Munsee Lenape. It provides a political, economic, social and cultural history of the dumping of waste from the Ford Motor Company Mahwah Assembly Plant directly next to and on the land/homes of the Ramapough Munsee Lenape Turtle Clan. This documentary brought national attention to the case in 2011. It contains interviews, footage of waste, and samples of home footage from the Turtle clan.
3. The Ramapough Lunaape Nation: Facing Health Impacts Associated with Proximity to a Superfund Site
Meltzer, G., Avenbuan, O., Wu, F. et al. The Ramapough Lunaape Nation: Facing Health Impacts Associated with Proximity to a Superfund Site. J Community Health 45, 1196–1204 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10900-020-00848-2
This paper, published earlier this year, gives scientific data of both native and non-native individuals. It gathered and provides quantitative data as well as a health analysis that will be used as evidence within my own paper.
4. Ramapough/Ford The Impact and Survival of an Indigenous Community in the Shadow of Ford Motor Company’s Toxic Legacy
Stead, Chuck “Ramapough/Ford The Impact and Survival of an Indigenous Community in the Shadow of Ford Motor Company’s Toxic Legacy .” Electronic Thesis or Dissertation. Antioch University, 2015. https://etd.ohiolink.edu/
This dissertation was spoken about when I interviewed the author, Chuck Stead. I plan to use some of the information provided within it as additional evidence of the contamination, the topic of environmental injustice, and the history of the area.
5. Environmental Justice Concerns and Communication Problems Complicated Cleaning Up Ringwood Mines/Landfill Site
McKechnie, Paul, Dan Cox, Tom Reilly, and Christine Baughman. “Environmental Justice Concerns and Communication Problems Complicated Cleaning Up Ringwood Mines/Landfill Site.” Environmental Protection Agency; April 2, 2007. https://permanent.fdlp.gov/websites/epagov/www.epa.gov/pdf-archive/20070402-2007-P-00016.pdf
The Public Liaison Report produced by the EPA tells an official report that the EPA itself was not guilty of discrimination but did need to communicate with the affected community in a more efficient manner. This study will be used to show the direct impacts and what work was completed by the EPA over time in my research project.