Primary Source Analysis -NT

Cleaning Up Newark Water: A Reconstruction Project to Replace Lead Water Pipes


Newark’s Lead Service Line Replacement Program, Department of Water and Sewer Utilities,

Title: Newark’s Lead Service Line Replacement Program

Location: Online Source

Description: this is the official website for Newark’s service line replacement program, it has much information about the program such as why they are doing it, what steps they have taken, and the official guidelines about service line replacement. One significant aspect of this source and what makes it a primary source is that it’s also for newark residents to use to monitor progress, check their streets for lead service lines, submit forms if they need help with lead service lines, and help distribute water testing kits and filters for those who need them. This website is Newark’s tool to survive the lead service lines that plagued newark water.


Baker, Henry. “” Why New Jersey Is Ripping Up It’s Streets | VR 180, Bloomberg Quicktake, 21 Oct. 2020.

Location: Online Source (Youtube)

Description: this is a vr youtube documentary that lets me take a look at service workers actually replacing some lead service pipes in newark homes first hand in virtual reality, I can take a look around as they pull lead service pipes out and replace them with copper pipes.they also give a good description of the history of Newark’s water and pipes and steps they’ve taken to solve their water problem.


“Open Letter to President Donald Trump From Mayor Ras J. Baraka.”, City of Newark, 14 Jan. 2019,

Location: Online Source

Description: This is a straightforward call to action for Donald Trump criticizing his border wall and recommending those funds be reallocated to the nation’s water infrastructure (specifically Newark and New Jersey). This is a strong letter from the Mayor of Newark that conveys the feelings of those in need of clean water in Newark.


 “” Mayor Baraka Pens Open Letter to Trump -Fox5NY, City of Newark NJ, 18 Jan. 2019


Location: Online Source (Youtube)

Description: This is a Fox News Story that covers the letter that Mayor Baraka sent to Donald Trump. It not only gives a good description of what the letter meant and how it was recieved, but also most importantly goes on to describe in full detail the plan that Mayor Baraka proposes to fix Newark’s water infrastructure. Replacing over 18,000 lead service pipes all over Newark.


Panico, Rebecca. “Newark’s Lead Line Replacement Program Includes Properties City Said Are ‘Unaffected’ by Water Crisis.” TAPinto, 29 Mar. 2019,

Location: Online Source

This is a government website where an official reporter first handedly took pictures and did research of her own during the lead pipe replacement, and gives a good method to telling a lead service pipe from others and also giving a fantastic interactive map that lets you see where exactly all the service lines have been replaced.

Primary Source Analysis:

The primary source I will be analysing in detail is the official website for the newark lead service line program.

This website has many different pages you can go through so that anyone, Newark citizen or not, can become knowledgeable on the program and can see the progress of it and what it’s doing for the community. Some of the pages and features this website includes are a live counter of the amount of lead service lines replaced, a tool to see which homes have lead service lines, and plenty of resourceful links that you can click on to keep updated with their social media or to gain knowledge on the program. This website is made for Newark residents and non residents to teach people more about lead service lines and to push to replace the ones that they have because their lives and the lives of children depend on clean safe water.

One way you can tell the website really means to push for non lead pipes is the big “take action” button after the main introduction paragraph, that leads to a section of links that are mainly geared towards Newark residents to check their streets for lead service lines, send a message to the people running the program, send a request for water filters, and more helpful tools. Another way you can tell the website wants to teach people is that they include a link to their social media which they constantly keep updated with new information on how the program is going and what else Newark is doing to clean up it’s water. The third piece of evidence that this website wants to push for non lead service lines is that there is a readily available option to register for the program, you can sign up to have your lead service line replaced if you have one.

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